Java bean mappings, the easy way!

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What is it?

MapStruct is a code generator that greatly simplifies the implementation of mappings between Java bean types based on a convention over configuration approach.

The generated mapping code uses plain method invocations and thus is fast, type-safe and easy to understand.

Why?

Multi-layered applications often require to map between different object models (e.g. entities and DTOs). Writing such mapping code is a tedious and error-prone task. MapStruct aims at simplifying this work by automating it as much as possible.

In contrast to other mapping frameworks MapStruct generates bean mappings at compile-time which ensures a high performance, allows for fast developer feedback and thorough error checking.

How?

MapStruct is an annotation processor which is plugged into the Java compiler and can be used in command-line builds (Maven, Gradle etc.) as well as from within your preferred IDE.

MapStruct uses sensible defaults but steps out of your way when it comes to configuring or implementing special behavior.


Latest News

Support for Lombok, direct field access and much more: MapStruct 1.2.0.Beta1 is out

It’ my pleasure to announce the first Beta release of MapStruct 1.2.

The new release comes with a whole lot of new functionality, e.g.:

  • MapStruct can now be used together with Project Lombok
  • Support for Java 8 streams
  • Mappings based on public fields (i.e. you can write DTOs without getters and setters)
  • Automatic creation of sub-mapping methods
  • Mapping methods can take “pass-through” context parameters, addressing different use cases like
    • Passing a locale, timezone or similar to custom mapping methods
    • Keeping track of processed nodes in circular object graphs
  • Target bean factory methods can access a mapping’s source parameter(s)

Read more...

New Year, new Website!

The MapStruct team wishes a Happy New Year to all our users out there!

To start the new year fresh, we’ve given some love to our website. While its looks only slightly changed, its inner workings have been overhauled from ground up. It’s driven by Hugo now, a static website generator written in Go which is very popular these days.

Read more...

MapStruct 1.1.0.Final seen in the wild!

I’m more than thrilled to report that MapStruct 1.1 Final has been spotted in the wild! We grew that puppy for almost one year since the announcement of MapStruct 1.0, so it was about time to let it go and put a final release into your hands.

Besides a plethora of bug fixes the 1.1 release adds many new features which should be very welcome to users of MapStruct 1.0:

  • Nested target properties
  • @ValueMapping annotation for enum mappings
  • @Named annotation for simple string based mapping qualifiers
  • Support for custom hasXyz() methods to check the presence of source properties instead of null checks
  • Extended support of java.text.NumberFormat for Number types to String mapping
  • OSGi support
  • New built-in conversions around date/time type

Read more...

MapStruct in 2 Minutes

The following shows how map two objects using MapStruct.

Let's assume we have a class representing cars (e.g. a JPA entity) and an accompanying data transfer object (DTO).

Both types are rather similar, only the seat count attributes have different names and the type attribute is of a special enum type in the Car class but is a plain string in the DTO.

  • public class Car {
    
        private String make;
        private int numberOfSeats;
        private CarType type;
    
        //constructor, getters, setters etc.
    }
  • public class CarDto {
    
        private String make;
        private int seatCount;
        private String type;
    
        //constructor, getters, setters etc.
    }

The mapper interface

To generate a mapper for creating a CarDto object out of a Car object, a mapper interface needs to be defined:

    1. @Mapper 1
    2. public interface CarMapper {
    3.  
    4. CarMapper INSTANCE = Mappers.getMapper( CarMapper.class ); 3
    5.  
    6. @Mapping(source = "numberOfSeats", target = "seatCount")
    7. CarDto carToCarDto(Car car); 2
    8. }

The @Mapper annotation 1 marks the interface as mapping interface and lets the MapStruct processor kick in during compilation.

The actual mapping method 2 expects the source object as parameter and returns the target object. Its name can be freely chosen.

For attributes with different names in source and target object, the @Mapping annotation can be used to configure the names.

Where required and possible a type conversion will be executed for attributes with different types in source and target, e.g. the type attribute will be converted from the enumeration type into a string.

Of course there can be multiple mapping methods in one interface, for all of which an implementation will be generated by MapStruct.

An instance of the interface implementation can be retrieved from the Mappers class. By convention, the interface declares a member INSTANCE 3, providing clients access to the mapper implementation.

Using the mapper

Based on the mapper interface, clients can perform object mappings in a very easy and type-safe manner:

  • @Test
    public void shouldMapCarToDto() {
        //given
        Car car = new Car( "Morris", 5, CarType.SEDAN );
    
        //when
        CarDto carDto = CarMapper.INSTANCE.carToCarDto( car );
    
        //then
        assertThat( carDto ).isNotNull();
        assertThat( carDto.getMake() ).isEqualTo( "Morris" );
        assertThat( carDto.getSeatCount() ).isEqualTo( 5 );
        assertThat( carDto.getType() ).isEqualTo( "SEDAN" );
    }

Tell me more!

You like what you see? Then check out the reference documentation to learn how to get started with MapStruct and which advanced features there are. In case you need help or want to propose a new feature just drop by on the mapstruct-users group.

You want to contribute to the development of MapStruct? That's great, this page has all the information you need.