Java bean mappings, the easy way!

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What is it?

MapStruct is a code generator that greatly simplifies the implementation of mappings between Java bean types based on a convention over configuration approach.

The generated mapping code uses plain method invocations and thus is fast, type-safe and easy to understand.

Why?

Multi-layered applications often require to map between different object models (e.g. entities and DTOs). Writing such mapping code is a tedious and error-prone task. MapStruct aims at simplifying this work by automating it as much as possible.

In contrast to other mapping frameworks MapStruct generates bean mappings at compile-time which ensures a high performance, allows for fast developer feedback and thorough error checking.

How?

MapStruct is an annotation processor which is plugged into the Java compiler and can be used in command-line builds (Maven, Gradle etc.) as well as from within your preferred IDE.

MapStruct uses sensible defaults but steps out of your way when it comes to configuring or implementing special behavior.


Latest News

Announcing Gem Tools

Lately, we have been busy working on the release of MapStruct 1.4, adding new features and trying to simplify our codebase so we can maintain it easier and add features faster.

From the start of the project we have been using a utility tool Hickory for generating Prisms (partial reflection access to annotations) during compilation time. Basically, we’ve been using an annotation processor to generate access to the MapStruct annotations, this allows us to access the MapStruct annotation in a type-safe way, without requiring the annotation JAR to be on the processor path. This is a really old project and the only release on Maven Central is from March 2010.

Thus we needed something newer and created our own utility. Say hi to Gem Tools.

Read more...

MapStruct and Quarkus - a match made in heaven?

This year is nearly over, but it was started with something new that came up in the Java world: Quarkus. You may already have heard about it, if not, don’t worry, I will quickly summarize what it is.

Additionally to this post you can also find a working example in our examples repository.

Read more...

MapStruct 1.3.1.Final bug fix released

It is my pleasure to announce the 1.3.1.Final bug fix release of MapStruct. Since the Final release of MapStruct 1.3.0.Final we have received amazing feedback from the community.

This release includes 3 enhancements, 12 bug fixes and 7 documentation improvements.

The enhancements include:

  • Ability to disable builders on method level via Builder#disableBuilder
  • Stricter matching for lifecycle methods / non-unique parameters
Read more...

MapStruct in 2 Minutes

The following shows how map two objects using MapStruct.

Let's assume we have a class representing cars (e.g. a JPA entity) and an accompanying data transfer object (DTO).

Both types are rather similar, only the seat count attributes have different names and the type attribute is of a special enum type in the Car class but is a plain string in the DTO.

  • public class Car {
    
        private String make;
        private int numberOfSeats;
        private CarType type;
    
        //constructor, getters, setters etc.
    }
  • public class CarDto {
    
        private String make;
        private int seatCount;
        private String type;
    
        //constructor, getters, setters etc.
    }

The mapper interface

To generate a mapper for creating a CarDto object out of a Car object, a mapper interface needs to be defined:

    1. @Mapper 1
    2. public interface CarMapper {
    3.  
    4. CarMapper INSTANCE = Mappers.getMapper( CarMapper.class ); 3
    5.  
    6. @Mapping(source = "numberOfSeats", target = "seatCount")
    7. CarDto carToCarDto(Car car); 2
    8. }

The @Mapper annotation 1 marks the interface as mapping interface and lets the MapStruct processor kick in during compilation.

The actual mapping method 2 expects the source object as parameter and returns the target object. Its name can be freely chosen.

For attributes with different names in source and target object, the @Mapping annotation can be used to configure the names.

Where required and possible a type conversion will be executed for attributes with different types in source and target, e.g. the type attribute will be converted from the enumeration type into a string.

Of course there can be multiple mapping methods in one interface, for all of which an implementation will be generated by MapStruct.

An instance of the interface implementation can be retrieved from the Mappers class. By convention, the interface declares a member INSTANCE 3, providing clients access to the mapper implementation.

Using the mapper

Based on the mapper interface, clients can perform object mappings in a very easy and type-safe manner:

  • @Test
    public void shouldMapCarToDto() {
        //given
        Car car = new Car( "Morris", 5, CarType.SEDAN );
    
        //when
        CarDto carDto = CarMapper.INSTANCE.carToCarDto( car );
    
        //then
        assertThat( carDto ).isNotNull();
        assertThat( carDto.getMake() ).isEqualTo( "Morris" );
        assertThat( carDto.getSeatCount() ).isEqualTo( 5 );
        assertThat( carDto.getType() ).isEqualTo( "SEDAN" );
    }

Tell me more!

You like what you see? Then check out the reference documentation to learn how to get started with MapStruct and which advanced features there are. In case you need help or want to propose a new feature just drop by on the mapstruct-users group.

You want to contribute to the development of MapStruct? That's great, this page has all the information you need.